Centos5.6手动配置LNMP

widuu 2013-8-2 Linux 4,915 0 喜欢 (0)

安装依赖库和开发环境

依赖库和开发工具

yum -y install gcc gcc-c++ autoconf libjpeg libjpeg-devel libpng libpng-devel freetype freetype-devel libxml2 libxml2-devel zlib zlib-devel glibc glibc-devel glib2 glib2-devel bzip2 bzip2-devel ncurses ncurses-devel curl curl-devel e2fsprogs e2fsprogs-devel krb5 krb5-devel libidn libidn-devel openssl openssl-devel openldap openldap-devel nss_ldap openldap-clients openldap-servers

Nginx

yum -y install pcre-devel  zlib-devel

Php

yum -y install gd-devel libjpeg-devel libpng-devel freetype-devel libxml2-devel curl-devel freetype-devel

Mysql

yum -y install bison gcc gcc-c++ autoconf automake zlib* libxml* ncurses-devel libtool-ltdl-devel* mysql-devel

下载软件包

创建目录

mkdir /web 
cd /web 

PHP5.3.8

wget http://php.net/distributions/php-5.3.8.tar.bz2 

PHP库文件

wget http://ncu.dl.sourceforge.net/project/mcrypt/MCrypt/2.6.8/mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz
wget http://ncu.dl.sourceforge.net/project/mhash/mhash/0.9.9.9/mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.gz
wget http://ncu.dl.sourceforge.net/project/mcrypt/Libmcrypt/2.5.8/libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz
wget http://ftp.gnu.org/pub/gnu/libiconv/libiconv-1.14.tar.gz

Nginx1.5.3

wget http://www.nginx.org/download/nginx-1.5.3.tar.gz

Nginx(pcre)

wget ftp://ftp.csx.cam.ac.uk/pub/software/programming/pcre/pcre-8.13.tar.gz
如果没有8.13可以这里ftp://ftp.csx.cam.ac.uk/pub/software/programming/pcre/ 下载最新

Mysql5.5.17

wget http://mysql.mirrors.pair.com/Downloads/MySQL-5.5/mysql-5.5.32.tar.gz
下载最新的:http://mysql.mirrors.pair.com/Downloads/MySQL-5.5/

Mysql(cmake)

wget http://www.cmake.org/files/v2.8/cmake-2.8.6.tar.gz

安装mysql

安装cmake

tar -zxvf cmake-2.8.6.tar.gz
cd cmake-2.8.6/
./configure
gmake && gmake install  && cd ../

添加mysql用户

/usr/sbin/groupadd mysql
/usr/sbin/useradd -g mysql mysql
mkdir -p /data/mysql
chown -R mysql:mysql /data/mysql

安装Mysql

tar -zxvf mysql-5.5.17.tar.gz
cd mysql-5.5.17
cmake . -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=/usr/local/mysql -DMYSQL_DATADIR=/data/mysql -DSYSCONFDIR=/etc/
make && make install

设置Mysql

#在support-files目录中有五个配置信息文件:
#my-small.cnf (内存<=64M)
#my-medium.cnf (内存 128M)
#my-large.cnf (内存 512M)
#my-huge.cnf (内存 1G-2G)
#my-innodb-heavy-4G.cnf (内存 4GB)
cd /usr/local/mysql
cp ./support-files/my-medium.cnf /etc/my.cnf
vi /etc/my.cnf
#在 [mysqld] 段增加
datadir = /data/mysql
wait-timeout = 30
max_connections = 512
default-storage-engine = MyISAM
#在 [mysqld] 段修改
max_allowed_packet = 16M

生成授权表

cd /usr/local/mysql
./scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql

更改密码

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -u root password 123456

开启mysql

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe &

测试连接mysql

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql -u root -p 123456
show databases;
exit;

设置开机启动

vi /etc/rc.d/rc.local

加入

/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysqld_safe &
可能出现ERROR 2002 (HY000): Can't connect to local MySQL server through socket '/tmp/mysql.sock' (2)
cd /tmp //发现没有
ln -s /var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock /tmp/mysql.sock
cd /var/run/
chown -R mysql mysqld

##安装php

1

tar -zxvf libiconv-1.14.tar.gz && cd libiconv-1.14/
./configure --prefix=/usr/local
make && make install && cd ../

2

tar -zxvf libmcrypt-2.5.8.tar.gz && cd libmcrypt-2.5.8/
./configure &&  make && make install
/sbin/ldconfig && cd libltdl/ && ./configure --enable-ltdl-install
make && make install && cd ../

3

tar -zxvf mhash-0.9.9.9.tar.gz && cd mhash-0.9.9.9/ && ./configure
make && make install && cd ../

4

ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.la /usr/lib/libmcrypt.la
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so.4 /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so.4
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmcrypt.so.4.4.8 /usr/lib/libmcrypt.so.4.4.8
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.a /usr/lib/libmhash.a
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.la /usr/lib/libmhash.la
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so /usr/lib/libmhash.so
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so.2 /usr/lib/libmhash.so.2
ln -s /usr/local/lib/libmhash.so.2.0.1 /usr/lib/libmhash.so.2.0.1
ln -s /usr/local/bin/libmcrypt-config /usr/bin/libmcrypt-config

5

tar -zxvf mcrypt-2.6.8.tar.gz &&cd mcrypt-2.6.8/
/sbin/ldconfig
./configure
make && make install && cd ../

6

tar -xjvf php-5.3.8.tar.bz2
cd php-5.3.8

./configure --prefix=/usr/local/php \
--with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php/etc \
--with-iconv-dir=/usr/local/ --with-freetype-dir \
--with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql \
--with-mysqli=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config \
--with-jpeg-dir --with-png-dir --with-zlib \
--with-mhash --enable-sockets --enable-ftp \
--with-libxml-dir --enable-xml --disable-rpath \
--enable-safe-mode --enable-bcmath \
--enable-shmop --enable-sysvsem \
--enable-inline-optimization --with-curl \
--with-curlwrappers \
--enable-mbregex \
--enable-mbstring --with-mcrypt --with-gd \
--enable-gd-native-ttf --with-openssl --with-mhash \
--enable-pcntl --enable-sockets --with-ldap --with-ldap-sasl \
--enable-fpm \
--with-xmlrpc --enable-zip --enable-soap \
--without-pear \


make ZEND_EXTRA_LIBS='-liconv'

#注意这里容易出现 make: *** [ext/phar/phar.php] 错误 127

#出现mysql client解决方法
#ln -s /usr/local/mysql/lib/libmysqlclient.so /usr/lib/
#ln -s /usr/local/mysql/lib/libmysqlclient.so.18 /usr/lib/libmysqlclient.so.18

#或者chmod: 无法访问 “ext/phar/phar.phar”: 没有那个文件或目录
#make: [ext/phar/phar.phar] 错误 1 (忽略)
#解决方法在编译的时候加--without-pear参数

#如果还不行,make的时候不添加 ZEND_EXTRA_LIBS='-liconv' 参数

make install

选择PHP.ini配置文件

cp php.ini-production /usr/local/php/etc/php.ini

更改PHP-FPM

添加WWW用户

/usr/sbin/groupadd www && /usr/sbin/useradd -g www www
mkdir -p /var/log/nginx && chmod +w /var/log/nginx &&chown -R www:www /var/log/nginx
mkdir -p /data/www && chmod +w /data/www && chown -R www:www /data/www

cp /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf.default /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf
vi /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf

去掉/更改 配置文件中的;

pm.max_children = 64
pm.start_servers = 20
pm.min_spare_servers = 5
pm.max_spare_servers = 35
pm.max_requests = 1024
user = www
group = www 

检查语法是否正确

/usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm -t
#出现NOTICE: configuration file /usr/local/php/etc/php-fpm.conf test is successful 测试成功
/usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm &
#设置开机启动
vi /etc/rc.d/rc.local
#在行末加入
/usr/local/php/sbin/php-fpm &

返回安装包目录

cd /web 

安装Nginx

安装pcre库

tar -zxvf pcre-8.13.tar.gz && cd pcre-8.13/ && ./configure
make && make install && cd ../

安装Nginx

tar -zxvf nginx-1.0.9.tar.gz && cd nginx-1.0.9 &&
./configure --user=www --group=www \
--prefix=/usr/local/nginx \
--sbin-path=/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx \
--conf-path=/usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf \
--with-http_stub_status_module \
--with-http_ssl_module \
--with-pcre \
--lock-path=/var/run/nginx.lock \
--pid-path=/var/run/nginx.pid

make && make install && cd ../

更改配置

vi /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

修改一些参数,别直接替换文件,这只是一部分

user www

events {
  use epoll;
   worker_connections  1024;
}

location ~ \.php$ {
           root           html;
           fastcgi_pass   127.0.0.1:9000;
           fastcgi_index  index.php;
           fastcgi_param  SCRIPT_FILENAME  $document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
           include        fastcgi_params;
       }

#注意这里
#$document_root$fastcgi_script_name;
#检测配置文件
/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -t

提示表示成功

#nginx: the configuration file /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf syntax is ok
#nginx: configuration file /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf test is successful

开启Nginx

/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx &

平滑重启Nginx

/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx -s reload

添加开机启动

vi /etc/rc.d/rc.local

最后移行加入

/usr/local/nginx/sbin/nginx

测试

cd /usr/local/nginx/html/
touch index.php
vi /usr/local/nginx/html/index.php
<?php
phpinfo();
?>

discuz伪静态

rewrite ^([^\.]*)/topic-(.+)\.html$ $1/portal.php?mod=topic&topic=$2 last;
rewrite ^([^\.]*)/article-([0-9]+)-([0-9]+)\.html$ $1/portal.php?mod=view&aid=$2&page=$3 last;
rewrite ^([^\.]*)/forum-(\w+)-([0-9]+)\.html$ $1/forum.php?mod=forumdisplay&fid=$2&page=$3 last;
rewrite ^([^\.]*)/thread-([0-9]+)-([0-9]+)-([0-9]+)\.html$ $1/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=$2&extra=page%3D$4&page=$3 last;
rewrite ^([^\.]*)/group-([0-9]+)-([0-9]+)\.html$ $1/forum.php?mod=group&fid=$2&page=$3 last;
rewrite ^([^\.]*)/space-(username|uid)-(.+)\.html$ $1/home.php?mod=space&$2=$3 last;
rewrite ^([^\.]*)/blog-([0-9]+)-([0-9]+)\.html$ $1/home.php?mod=space&uid=$2&do=blog&id=$3 last;
rewrite ^([^\.]*)/(fid|tid)-([0-9]+)\.html$ $1/index.php?action=$2&value=$3 last;
if (!-e $request_filename) {
return 404;
}

转载请注明来自微度网络,本文标题:《Centos5.6手动配置LNMP》

喜欢 0 发布评论
Top